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Some of the authors of the New Testament were familiar with some of the content of the story.
A short section of 1 Enoch (1:9) is cited in the New Testament, Epistle of Jude, Jude –15, and is attributed there to "Enoch the Seventh from Adam" (1 En 60:8), although this section of 1 Enoch is a midrash on Deuteronomy 33.
The Greek text might seem unusual in stating that "Enoch the Seventh from Adam" prophesied "to" (dative case) not "of" (genitive case) the men, however, this might indicate the Greek meaning “against them” – the dative τούτοις as a dativus incommodi (dative of disadvantage). Davids points to Dead Sea Scrolls evidence but leaves it open as to whether Jude viewed 1 Enoch as canon, deuterocanon, or otherwise: "Did Jude, then, consider this scripture to be like Genesis or Isaiah?
Certainly he did consider it authoritative, a true word from God.
It is wholly extant only in the Ge'ez language, with Aramaic fragments from the Dead Sea Scrolls and a few Greek and Latin fragments.
For this and other reasons, the traditional Ethiopian belief is that the original language of the work was Ge'ez, whereas non-Ethiopian scholars tend to assert that it was first written in either Aramaic or Hebrew; Ephraim Isaac suggests that the Book of Enoch, like the Book of Daniel, was composed partially in Aramaic and partially in Hebrew. It is asserted in the book itself that its author was Enoch, before the Biblical Flood.
Enoch recounts the mysteries of heaven he has observed, then adds an exhortation and the command to disseminate his books (39-54). 70 since it presupposes the existence of the temple. Milik in more recent times wished wished to assign it a date in the ninth century A. It is generally agreed that the original text was the short one and that the other is an expansion of this." (Intertestamental Literature, p.
We cannot tell whether he ranked it alongside other prophetic books such as Isaiah and Jeremiah.
What we do know is, first, that other Jewish groups, most notably those living in Qumran near the Dead Sea, also used and valued 1 Enoch, but we do not find it grouped with the scriptural scrolls." The traditional belief of the Ethiopic Orthodox Church, which sees 1 Enoch as an inspired document, is that the Ethiopic text is the original one, written by Enoch himself.
In the case of the Jude quotation of 1 Enoch 1:9, it would be difficult to argue that Jude does not quote Enoch as an historical prophet since he cites Enoch by name.
However, there remains a question as to whether the author of Jude attributed the quotation believing the source to be the historical Enoch before the flood or a midrash of Deut 33:2–3.