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Some plants produce adventitious shoots and may form a clonal colony, where all the individuals are clones, and the clones may cover a large area.
Many plants and fungi sometimes reproduce asexually. While all prokaryotes reproduce without the formation and fusion of gametes, mechanisms for lateral gene transfer such as conjugation, transformation and transduction can be likened to sexual reproduction in the sense of genetic recombination in meiosis.
A complete lack of sexual reproduction is relatively rare among multi-cellular organisms, particularly animals.
Fungi and some algae can also utilize true asexual spore formation, which involves mitosis giving rise to reproductive cells called mitospores that develop into a new organism after dispersal.
This method of reproduction is found for example in conidial fungi and the red algae Polysiphonia, and involves sporogenesis without meiosis.